According to relevant data, from 2016 to 2020, the growth rate of China's labor input is estimated to be -0.9%, and the cumulative reduction in the past five years is about 20million, and the total labor population may fall to about 700million in 2050. In the context of labor shortage and aging, the labor structure of the wardrobe industry has also undergone tremendous changes. An era of enjoying labor dividends is over, and wardrobe manufacturers also began to find a way out for themselves. Labor shortage invaded the furniture manufacturing industry, and the overall wardrobe brand Deville
current situation: general workers who are not willing to be "kept in captivity"
"ten years ago, the cost of workers was only 1K +/person/month. Now 5k-8k/person/month can't recruit people! This is the most troublesome thing for our furniture enterprises." The salary of general workers in furniture enterprises in the Pearl River Delta is close to or even partially higher than that of white-collar workers, but they still encounter the problems of labor shortage and high turnover rate
the "recruitment of general workers" in furniture factories has evolved from a regular matter after the Spring Festival to a regular matter throughout the year. Job advertisements are posted everywhere in industrial parks and "villages in the city" where migrant workers gather, and job fairs are held one after another in major talent markets. Enterprises have tried their best to join the "people grabbing war". Generous benefits such as "less overtime at a high base salary", "five insurances and one gold", "dust-free workshop in air-conditioned rooms", "annual vacation tourism" have been paid out, but there are still little results, and few enterprises have returned with full loads. Furniture enterprises complain that today's young people are "not down-to-earth and have a high heart". Some enterprises even say they don't want to recruit the "post-90s generation" because "it's too difficult to serve". The person in charge of the recruitment of a furniture factory said bluntly, "the salary has been increased again and again, and they are not satisfied."
a fact is that with the accelerated economic development in the central and western regions, the gap between wages and benefits and coastal areas has narrowed, and the preferential agricultural policies have achieved remarkable results, "Hometown" has issued an olive branch; Another neglected fact is that most migrant workers in factories are "kept in captivity", with a single life and work, and their mental health is worrying. The "factory" island devours the vitality of most people. Migrant workers who cannot get a sense of belonging and security in cities and factories choose to "return home"
seek development: the wardrobe factory that bears the cost of transformation
labor shortage, labor cost pressure, under the whole industrial upgrading, the wardrobe factory also began to find a way suitable for itself: towards automation, "machine generation", specialization, using the Internet to improve the sales network... However, every step needs to "scratch the bone and heal the wound". Take "machine replacement" for example, many wardrobe factory bosses can't bear it. "Machines can indeed replace labor to a certain extent, but the high cost of mechanization is not affordable for ordinary enterprises. A production line costs millions of yuan, which is more cost-effective compared with labor. Furniture manufacturing such as wardrobe is different from other industries. The wardrobe industry requires high woodworking manufacturing technology, and machines are relatively lacking in this respect."
on the one hand, wardrobe enterprises continue to increase their expenditure on labor costs. It is understood that labor costs have accounted for as much as 35% of the total cost of finished products, resulting in the continuous compression of enterprise profit space. On the other hand, mechanized production is not the first choice for current wardrobe enterprises to solve problems. More and more wardrobe enterprises are exploring the * balance point between manual and mechanized operations
at present, replacing labor with machines is not a feasible way to solve the labor shortage, especially for weak enterprises. The "labor shortage" will only intensify, and all wardrobe factories must bear this unbearable pain. The final result will be: a small number of leading enterprises have been upgraded, and the vast majority of small and medium-sized enterprises have been abandoned. With the passage of time, most of them will eventually turn to ashes
in short, the decline in the growth rate of the working age population and labor participation rate has directly led to changes in the labor supply, which has also brought great challenges to the transformation of the traditional wardrobe manufacturing industry. Under the survival of the fittest in the market, only by actively coping with it and seizing the opportunity to promote the transformation can it stand out in the context of the new era
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